On a yearly basis, nearly 45 million young male chickens are killed in Germany. Their eggs are unsuitable for the market. New procedures for sex recognition should make certain that they are not also bred. David Tedevosian/ Shutterstock
The managing director of the egg breeding company Seleggt Gmbh, spoke about Germany’s recent decision to allow the mass killings of young male chickens and how his company’s Seleggt process could be used as a bridging technology until more commercially viable methods are found in an interview with EURACTIV Germany, Dr Ludger Breloh.
Dr Ludger Breloh, an agricultural economist, is the handling director of Seleggt GmbH, an associate of this Rewe Group. Seleggt GmbH, in cooperation aided by the University of Leipzig, is rolling out the very first functional way for very very early sex recognition in hen eggs.
The sex of a young chicken can be determined in the egg with the Seleggt method. How can this work?
Our technique is most beneficial referred to as a hormonal, meaning a hormone-based technique. We already fully know that gender-specific hormones, such as for instance oestrone sulphate, are generally contained in the non-incubated egg and they are just created into the egg that is female.
For this, one should wait about nine times before the hormones are located in the egg in enough volume. Then we draw out a small fall of fluid through the egg, which we mix by having a marker that is biochemical.
This then shows, with a colour change, if the oestrone sulphate is current. Feminine eggs are then came back towards the incubator and hatched, while male eggs are prepared into animal feed.
To date, but, gender determination is not considered prepared for serial manufacturing, and just a supermarkets that are few these eggs. Exactly why is that?</p>
Within the last few 2 yrs, we now have made incredible progress in refining our technology. We are able to now analyse around 3,000 eggs each hour, per device.
Nevertheless, the method has just been found in our hatchery that is in-house so. Our birds lay so-called Respeggt eggs, that are currently offered today in about 380 supermarkets into the greater Berlin area. The fact these eggs just exist here, for the time being, is mainly because the number of laying hens is still workable.
Since February, but, we’ve been breeding on a more substantial scale, with about 20,000-30,000 young feminine chickens hatching each week. The first generation will be old enough to lay their own eggs by the end of July. There after, I will be seeing an ever-increasing amount of respeggt eggs available on the market. The Rewe Group has set it self the purpose of attempting to sell these eggs in most its German branches by the conclusion of this season.
Beginning year that is next we’ll then provide and then make our technology offered to hatcheries. In the beginning, this is carried out in a way that is cost-neutral.
Respeggt eggs will, consequently, be slowly in the marketplace.
Cost-neutral may possibly imply that you first need to make an advance re re payment. Exactly why is that the truth?
Our enterprize model is comprised of supermarkets having to pay us a licence charge – but only once the very first eggs are obtainable in supermarkets. We now have create a Respeggt logo design to exhibit the client that the eggs had been produced without killing young birds.
It is a definite added value as supermarkets can then get this to marketable. Just then, will they spend us a licence cost because the hatching was made by us eggs offered by the start of the supply string.
The client, consequently, would additionally assist in preventing chickens that are young being slaughtered considering that the cost of eggs is going to be somewhat increased.
Any kind of other options for the very early detection of intercourse being developed?
Yes, other practices are increasingly being investigated in eight or nine facilities global, including in Canada and Australia, but additionally within the universities of Munich and Dresden. We cannot say more about these methods, as their development obviously occurs in today’s world.
In virtually any full instance, i might welcome it if other procedures had been made available. I will be perhaps not just worried about your competitors, but additionally about the dilemma of killing young birds.
In all honesty, operating the whole sector with just one technology could be a severe challenge.
Is the fact that because your reach continues to be too tiny?
Yes. We expect you’ll raise about 1.5 million chickens that are young our hatchery this current year – that is merely a fall within the ocean if you think about that an overall total of 45 million young male chickens are increasingly being gassed or shredded each year.
Which means we shall desire a deal that is great time before reaching such high volumes. Just then will we manage to discuss about it a paradigm change. Rome was not built per day.
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If the Seleggt technology had been established, it absolutely was labelled as a bridging technology until other solutions had been found. A different one of those could be the use that is dual of. Could that function as the future of chicken agriculture?
The actual fact because we have been breeding two types of highly optimised, extremely productive chickens for decades: laying hens and broiler chickens that we even kill millions of young chickens at all is only.
Here is the only method we can create really cheap eggs and chicken meat. russian women mail order The rational objective, needless to say, is always to reproduce hens which have a great laying performance, while their brothers have a high fattening performance. That feels like a jack-of-all-trades types of unit which is just what it is.
As an agricultural scientist with a PhD in farming, i could let you know that we now have complementary properties that rule out of the possibility that the hen can both lay eggs productively, while additionally building adequate muscle mass. Just one or perhaps the other.
However, i am hoping that the reproduction businesses continue steadily to work intensively about this problem making sure that we’ve an economically viable solution for dual-use chickens.
Gender dedication methods are simply a solution that is temporary it can undoubtedly be much more sustainable and in most of y our passions whenever we could place an end for this killing of young birds.
Edited by Zoran Radosavljevic
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